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Plantar Fasciitis Treatment, Your Best Options
What is Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis is a disease that causes inflammation and irritation of the plantar fascia. The plantar fascia is a thick fibrous tissue with relatively low flexibility that stretches from the heel to the ball of the foot, and it is the foundation that supports the arch of the foot. When you walk or run, the plantar fascia is stretched and small tears are formed, causing inflammation and pain. When you walk, your weight is distributed over the sole of your foot, but any imbalance in the alignment and mechanics of the foot can eventually lead to pain. High arches, flat feet, or even the surface on which you walk can make the mechanics worse.
What is the best way to treat plantar fasciitis?
The most common cause of plantar fasciitis can be effectively treated with shoe insoles. This problem is usually caused by poor foot mechanics such as high arches, hyper pronation, and flat feet. In order to correct and adjust the mechanics and relieve pain, orthotics are the best treatment option.
Another possible treatment method is night splints. Night splints allow for gentle stretching of the plantar fascia during sleep. This controlled stretching prevents the plantar fascia from tightening and stiffening during the night and is a way to relieve the morning pain that people often experience.
Shoes also play an important role in the treatment of plantar fasciitis. Poorly chosen shoes or shoes that are too tight for the feet can cause this and many other foot problems. Choose your shoes wisely.
If heel or arch pain persists, consult your doctor and ask for a referral to a podiatrist.
Temporary Treatments for Plantar Fasciitis
There are a few things you can do on your own to temporarily treat plantar fasciitis. First, if your feet hurt, apply ice to the painful area to numb the nerves and soothe the inflammation. If you are overweight, you can reduce the strain on your feet by losing weight.
Arch massage and exercises that stretch the plantar fascia and calf muscles may also help to relieve pain. Avoiding activities like walking and running will help you heal faster, but this may be difficult if you have a standing job. If you have to walk or do certain activities, you can use the plantar fascia taping technique to your advantage. Consult a physical therapist or physiotherapist for more information on taping methods and exercises for plantar fasciitis.
More Invasive Treatments for Plantar Fasciitis
Injections of corticosteroids may be given as treatment. However, it is often used in combination with orthotic insoles to correct biomechanical defects.
The ultimate treatment for plantar fasciitis is surgery. Surgery is not a common treatment, as only about 5% of all patients require it. It is only recommended when other treatments for plantar fasciitis have not been effective. This is a surgery in which part of the entire plantar fascia is detached or separated from the heel bone. This reduces tension in the fascia and relieves the pain.
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