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What is the difference between therapeutic diet and fad diet?

  

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People diet for various reasons like for reducing weight, gaining weight or due to lifestyle diseases like diabetes, hypertension or thyroid. In the mainstream of diet, mostly people tend to fall for fad diets which are mostly unhealthy. Instead of opting for fad diets, therapeutic diet (balanced diet as per the medical conditions) is better and is always tailored according to you and your body’s nutritional status and requirements. Ever confused between types of diet and their uses? Here we are to explain the benefits of these two diets, difference and which is more effective. Have a look!

What is it?

Therapeutic diet is a type of personalised diet which comprises of meal plan prescribed by nutritionist or doctor. It is a mode of treatment and is customised according to the type of disease, preferences, likes and dislikes of the person. It generally requires you to limit, substitute or eliminate certain types of food, eat more of certain types of foods, change the consistency of your foods or alter your eating pattern.

Fad diets are the type of diet which is mostly promoted because they are popular for quick weight loss. It’s considered as a quick-fix remedy with little effort. Many of these diets include eliminating certain foods that has essential nutrients and sometimes even cut entire food groups.

Classification of diet under therapeutic and fad diet

Diets made for conditions like diabetes, high cholesterol, hypertension and thyroid are some of the types of diet that come under therapeutic diet.

Diets like Keto diet (is for patients dealing with Atkins syndrome), Liquid diet (recommended or patients who have recently undergone surgery) and Paleo diet are few examples of fad diet.

Purpose

Therapeutic diets are generally used for a specific health condition and are tailored according to the patient’s condition.

Therapeutic diets are purposely designed to correct, maintain and restore the nutritional status, to decrease calories for weight loss, for weight management, to increase calories for weight gain, to exclude foods that may lead to kinds of allergies or food intolerance, and to balance the amount of protein, carbohydrates, and fats to maintain a healthy body.

Fad diets target quick weight loss and often lead by people who want to follow crash diet for specific family events and any other events.

Example

Therapeutic diets include well balanced diet with desired modifications according to the condition of the person and disease which has all of the green vegetables, fruits, cereals and millets, whole grains, and eggs in required quantity. It has all the sources of crabs, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals, roughage and water.

Fad diets may include those that are fat-free, very-low-carbohydrate, or high protein. Some fad diets focus on a particular food, such as just fruits or just protein. 

Popular

Fad diets are more popular than therapeutic diets because it claims to give quick results within a shorter period of time. Fad diet is influenced from film stars, social media and internet. Actors do follow these fancy fad diets but under the proper guidance and nutritionist.

Effect

Therapeutic diets have more desired effects on the other hand fad diets generally have short-lived effects which means that the moment you stop following the diet, you tend to regain the weight. And one should always consider the fact that this type of diet can later have adverse effects on the person’s body.

What is wrong with fad diets?

It is claimed that these fad diets blame a particular hormones for weight gain, or suggest that food can change body chemistry or they may hype or ban a particular food. The food groups that these diets do permit, the amounts are either well above or well below those recommended by doctors or dieticians. Fad diets provide a temporary solution and so once the diet is stopped, the lost weight is regained quickly since none of these diets teach behaviour modification.

Over to you

Hope now you know what type of diet to be followed during what conditions. Make sure you’re consulting the best dietitian or doctor and follow diets recommended by them under their guidance only. Don’t fall for fad diets or internet diets. If you are going for therapeutic diets, make sure they are designed by nutritionists/dieticians and not blindly follow them after referring the internet.

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