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Car Accident Law


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Car accident law refers to an area of law that is a hybrid of traffic law and personal injury law. The law deals with determining who is at fault in a traffic accident and is nearly entirely based on the legislation of the state where the event happened. 

The following are some key terms to understand in motor vehicle accident law:

  • In an accident, negligence is a method of determining who is at fault.
  • When more than one individual is responsible for an accident, comparative negligence is used to assign blame.
  • Vicarious Liability: A legal doctrine that assigns culpability to someone who was not personally involved in an accident. An employer, for example, may be held vicariously accountable for accidents caused by a motorist while on the job.
  • Collision Coverage: This is a type of car insurance that pays out for damage caused by a collision.
  • Comprehensive coverage is a type of car insurance that pays out for damage that occurs outside of a collision.
  • Uninsured/Underinsured Motorist Coverage: Automobile insurance coverage that reimburses drivers for damage caused by another motorist who does not have insurance or whose insurance coverage is insufficient to cover all damages.

Many car accident lawyers specialize solely in insurance defense. Report the accident: In the event of significant injury or property damage, dial 999 to inform the police and request an ambulance. Simultaneously, if there is a minor car collision, call the non-emergency police helpline at 901. You can file a minor accident report in Dubai via the Dubai police mobile application, which has a short application process. You can also file an accident report online and acquire a police report. It is also possible that you could be asked to share photos of the accident via the app. This indicates that they have made a deal with an insurance company to defend their insureds in vehicle accident cases. Obtain a police report: When an accident is reported to the police and always seek the help of legal experts, they will use the scene, photographs, and other digital means to identify the at-fault party. After the checks are completed, a police report will be issued, which is the most crucial record for determining the accident and is also required when filing insurance claims. On July 1, 2017, the UAE's modified federal traffic law went into force. According to Vision 2021, the new legislation aims to protect road users even more and cut traffic fatalities from around 6 per 100,000 to 3 per 100,000. All passengers in a car, including those in the back seat, are expected to wear seat belts; if they do not, the driver will be fined AED 400 and given four black points. A child safety seat must be provided for children under the age of four. Violators will be fined AED 400 and given four black points on their license. The front seat passenger must also be at least 145 cm tall and under the age of ten. Excessive speeding, use of handheld mobile phones, fatigue, not keeping enough distance between vehicles, not wearing seatbelts, lack of lane discipline, and jumping red lights are among the seven key causes of road accidents identified by the campaign, which are based on accident statistics from 2007. According to the most recent data available on the UAE's data portal Bayanat. ae, road accidents resulted in 725 deaths and 6,681 injuries in 2016. The UAE's Ministry of Interior and local traffic authorities are trying to minimize the rate of road traffic deaths per 100,000 people, as part of the National Agenda 2021. 

To achieve its goal of safer roadways, the UAE maintains severe traffic restrictions. While minor traffic offenses may result in just fines, more significant traffic violations may result in harsher punishments, including jail time, especially where the safety of others is jeopardized. For example, reckless driving will result in penalties, black points, and vehicle impoundment. Driving a vehicle in a way that puts the driver's or others' lives, safety, or security in jeopardy, or driving a vehicle in a way that could harm public or private property: For a light vehicle, AED 2000 in fines and 23 black points would be assessed, and the vehicle would be impounded for 60 days. 

However, like with more serious traffic offenses, the penalty is determined by the Court and may include jail and penalties. This is in relation to more serious offenses like:

  • It is a major violation to drive when under the influence of alcohol.
  • Driving while under the influence of narcotics, brain-altering chemicals, or other comparable substances is prohibited
  • Causing someone's death is a heinous crime
  • Intentionally causing a major accident or injury.

If you collide with another vehicle, regardless of the severity or apparent fault, you must stop by law. It is forbidden to drive away from a collision site, and failing to do so will result in AED 500 fine, six black points, and the seizure of your car for seven days. If you cause significant injury and flee, the courts will determine your punishment, which may include obtaining black points (which could result in a ban) and having your vehicle impounded for at least 60 days. 

According to the Dubai Traffic Prosecution, there were 70 traffic deaths in 2021, up from 58 the previous year. Due to traffic accident deaths, driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol, and other offences, the court suspended the licenses of 695 motorists in 2021, compared to 412 in 2020. In 2021, Dubai police stations handled 11,567 traffic cases, up from 7,371 in 2020. In 2021, more than 112 motorists were charged with driving under the influence of drugs, up from in 2020 following 2021, 42 people have been charged with endangering lives, compared to 38 in 2020. Moreover, blood money verdicts totaled AED 6.1 million this year, with AED 4.3 million going to the court and at least AED 1 million going to the victims' relatives. Blood money totaled AED 10.7 million in 2020, all of which was deposited in the court's treasury, with AED 7.6 million going to the victims' relatives. 

The DOT of Abu Dhabi created a road safety awareness initiative that focuses on drivers, riders, and pedestrians. The program aims to educate children and adolescents to prepare them to be future road users and drivers. 'SCOOT' is a central traffic control system. 'SCOOT' is a central traffic control system with sensors that count the number of vehicles passing through signals to enhance traffic flow at major intersections. The sensors will detect the flow, the number of automobiles approaching each traffic signal, and the cruise speed or average speed. Both Abu Dhabi and Dubai use this new adaptive traffic control system.